Scuba Diving

Animals, Aqua, Blue, Deep, Dive, Diver

Georgetown Wildlife Removal was on my bucket list, and since I was close to retirement in the summer of 2013, I believed it was time to cross it off. As I took my first scuba lessons, I quickly learned it is true what many scuba teachers say – water isn’t man’s natural environment. So, I was a little anxious about completing this certification.
After some simple research in local opportunities for scuba education, I had chosen a dive shop in Salt Lake City, a brief 20-minute drive from my home. The reason I selected them is because of the calming influence the owner, Lori, had on my nervousness. She also suggested an instructor that was almost my age, further diminishing my fears.
I aggressively completed the academic work and finished the pool training in good order. The open water certification was accomplished in a salt water”inland ocean” west of Salt Lake City. I had learned the basics and was now a certified, yet still uneasy, scuba diver.
I knew I had to master these skills to be a safe and competent diver. Although addressed in my training, I was hardly able to control my buoyancy and even though I spent most of my adult life as a professional pilot navigating around the western United States, my underwater navigation skills were almost nonexistent. Moreover, I was certified at a depth of 23 feet, and I knew I needed to go deeper. And to top it off, I never jumped from my sailboat with 50 pounds of gear on me, so boat diving would be a new adventure. By the way, since we live at around 4,200 feet MSL, altitude diving was part of the training I received.
I embraced a 3-step approach to this challenge. First, I committed to joining the dive-a-longs the dive shop offered every month to local lakes. Secondly, I signed up for several specialty courses, such as buoyancy, navigation, deep diving, nitrox diving, and boat diving. Since I really do believe that knowledge is power, I signed up for a course titled Diver Stress and Rescue, to further allay my submerged fears. I also signed up for the Evening and Limited Visibility course, along with the First Aid, CPR, AED, and O2 training. The Science of Diving course was not far behind. And lastly, I devoted time to improve my physical condition.
Whew! I know, that’s a lot of study and effort. But it was worth it for me. I learned not only the specific academic substance, but I also learned something about the way to be a better diver in each course. I practiced, watched, and learned.
And then one day, I suddenly realized I had not been paying attention to the little things that could help me be a better diver.
Here are a few examples.
Buoyancy and the BC (Buoyancy Compensator) and Weights
We’d used weights in the practice environment in the pool and I never questioned their need. One of the first things I discovered afterward was that I really needed no weights to descend in the pool. This translated to no weights in fresh water (unless I was wearing a wet suit). In the buoyancy class, I learned I had been doing the buoyancy check incorrectly. This resulted in me being overweight for every dive to there. After I corrected my misunderstanding, I used less air in the BC, resulting in more air for me.
The buoyancy compensator (BC), sometimes called a buoyancy control device (BCD), is the piece of gear that produces recreation diving possible and popular. Its job is to establish neutral buoyancy underwater and positive buoyancy on the surface. But it is the diver who controls the BC. I had to learn to utilize shorter bursts of air and also to wait for neutral buoyancy to become apparent.
I look back now and chuckle as I remember how fast my air seemed to disappear on a dive. Next to buoyancy, this is, in my opinion, the most important skill for a diver to master.
I learned that my nervousness, which caused poor breathing habits submerged, might be offset and eventually eliminated by my increased knowledge and increasing experience.
As soon as I really paid attention to my breathing, I relaxed. The result was twofold – I was not just more relaxed, but I also had sufficient air to completely explore more of our underwater world.
The worth of a Computer
Every scuba diver should learn to use dive tables. That way we understand the essentials of gas compression and decompression better. We understand why off-gassing is so important and how to accomplish this by obeying the tables. Having said that, diving with a computer is so much better than diving on tables.
But here’s a caveat – learn to use your computer before you dive. Then do an easy dive next and utilize all of the underwater features of your computer.
I recently purchased a new computer and practiced all of its attributes at my kitchen table. All but one, that is. Guess which feature I accidentally triggered in my next dive? It turns out I can accidentally turn the light off while in the water, which makes the computer nearly impossible to see. Partially in my defense, I had been wearing thick gloves and couldn’t feel when I pressed a button. Nonetheless, I should have learned about this feature ahead, and I should have practiced at home with my gloves on.
Personal Fitness
The last 5 years of my career were spent sitting at a chair in front of a computer. To put it differently, I allow my physical condition deteriorate. I found this to be a distinct disadvantage while studying to be a skillful scuba diver. What a difference this made! Now I could carry my equipment from the parking lot to the shoreline without being winded to the point of resting for 20 minutes before I could dive.
Knowledge About the Dive Site
I discovered that if I did a little research about the upcoming dive site, I was more at ease throughout the dive. Research can be anything from an Internet search to remarks from divers who have been there. This lowered anxiety about the dip resulted in being more relaxed during the dive – again leading in using less air throughout the dive.
Dive Briefing
This goes right along with the last topic. The more you know about the dive, the more relaxed you can be in the water. The Divemaster or Captain can make every dip more interesting and enjoyable. Be sure you attend their briefing for each dip; they will have seasonal updates on the website, including what you can expect to see.
Like most new divers, I used rental equipment for my early dives. Although the equipment was appropriate, it just wasn’t quite right. I made it work, but I knew there had to be a better way. I eventually invested in a better BC and an upgraded regulator. Both of these purchases made diving less taxing and more pleasurable. Because I do a lot of diving in cold water, I decided to invest in a best – better, but all the way to best – 7 mm wetsuit that fit my body form just right. This, along with proper boots and hood, made diving in cold water more comfortable.
By the way, I purchased the wetsuit after speaking to the dive shop owner. Her years of experience led to me getting an excellent wetsuit that works flawlessly for me. The tip here is, don’t neglect to speak to more experienced divers for recommendations when you’ve got a question.
I recently had a student ask me if I had ever lost my mask or routine; she wondered why we stressed these abilities so much during training. It turns out that on one dive I wasn’t paying attention when my friend, who was in front of me, stopped and I swam to his moving fins. My mask was lopsided and full of water and my regulator was drifting in front of me. So, yes, the skills learned in training could be something you will need daily, so practice them occasionally. If you dip a few times in the summer annually, consider an update class before the next year’s diving starts.
My point is, we will need to pay close attention to the teachers and other divers we dive with so we can learn from their expertise. And we need to make a point of learning something new on each dive. If there’s nothing new, then we can practice something we heard years ago, but have not used lately.
Another useful, and possibly lifesaving, skill is the determination to make a safety stop on every dive. I know, computers may indicate no stop is necessary, but if you are making multiple dives each day, or over several days, the advantage of a safety stop outweighs the minor delay in getting to the surface. Plus, it lets you practice buoyancy skills.
Remember, follow the rules, don’t dive beyond your training or expertise, and look for the little things that will help you be a better diver.

Black bear

Black Bear, Animal, Black, Canim Lake

The American black bear, Ursus Americanus, is the most common bear species indigenous to North America. These bears live throughout the Squirrel Poop with a range that stretches from Alaska all the way south into Mexico. They can also be located in the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. This range comprises 41 of the 50 United States, All the Canadian provinces except Prince Edward Island, and some of Mexico.

Nearly all bears found in the Southern United States remain in the protected mountains and woodlands of parks and nature preserves. Occasionally, bears will wander outside of a park’s boundaries. In some cases, bears have put up new territories on the margins of urban environments. This has occurred more frequently as the bear’s population increases.

Before European colonization, there were probably as many as two million black bears in North America. Sadly, the population declined to a low of 200,000 bears because of habitat destruction and unrestricted hunting. Current estimates place the population around 800,000. It’s suspected that the bears may share a common European ancestor.

When the bear stands up, the bear can stand up to 7 feet tall. Male bears are typically one-third larger than female bears. Females typically weigh between 90 and 400 pounds while males weigh between 250 and 600 pounds. Adult black bears have been known to reach 660 pounds while exceptionally large males have been recorded up to 800 pounds, a span of nearly 8 feet. Cubs normally weigh between 7 oz and per pound at birth.

Adult bears have small eyes, rounded ears, a long snout, a large body, and a short tail. Like all bears, black bears have an excellent sense of smell. While they typically have shaggy black hair (hence the name black bear), their fur may vary from white through chocolate-brown, cinnamon-brown, and blonde. Blonde black bears are found mostly west of the Mississippi River in America and in the Canadian provinces west of Ontario. Occasionally, a black bear will have a v-shaped white chest blaze.

If a bear is standing, it is typically to get a better look at something or to find out from where a scent is coming. The shuffling gait we all associate with bears is a consequence of the flat-footed walk. Along with the flat-footed walk, bears also use a pacing gate. Unlike a number of other quadrupeds, the legs on one side of the bear’s body move together rather than alternating.

Box jellyfish

Image result for box jellyfish

The box jellyfish gets its name as they are bell shaped or cubed shaped with four sides being very prominent, thus the name box jellyfish. They can be as long as 20 cm on each side of the block, and have up to 15 tentacles on each corner. These can be 3 meters in length and have 5,000 stinging cells on each of these. These tentacles aren’t actually triggered by any type of touch, instead, this species of jellyfish stings because it senses a presence of a form of chemical on the exterior of their prey.

A box jellyfish is very mobile, with their bodies to propel themselves forward at speeds up to 4 knots. These kinds of jellyfish travel towards the beaches in the calmer weather, and settle around the mouths of both creeks and rivers after the rain. It is assumed that after a good rain, food is washed down to the jellyfish, and they instinctively realize this.

These jellyfish are also called sea wasps and marine stingers. Their primary habitat is in water from Northern Australia and in the Indo-Pacific. A box jellyfish has venom that is so deadly, it considered to be among the worst poisons in the world today. This venom is so powerful that the toxins set about attacking the heart and nervous system, as well as skin cells. Their venom was developed so that it would instantly paralyze or kill its prey, and also so that there was less of a battle. In this manner, the box jellyfish would look after its delicate tentacles. Box jellyfish eat small fish and crustaceans.

If a human is stung by a this jellyfish, it’s entirely possible for them to go into shock or even heart failure, drowning before receiving help. The sting is so deadly; help must be received immediately if one expects to survive. The pain is said to be excruciating, and those who do survive experience a lot of pain for weeks to months after Bat Control. The sting is proportionate to the size of the person; for instance, a young child needs less of a sting to cause dire consequences than an adult.


People, Adult, Light, Woman, Evening

Fireflies have astonished the human mind and imagination for centuries. They’ve embraced nicknames such as”lightning bug,” or”glow worm.” As soon as we experience them, they seem to be little light bulbs which float in the air, blinking to inaudible music and captivating our eyes with mystique and wonder. They have taken their place in human myth from ancient Mayan culture to contemporary Japanese and synchronized blinking, which occurs in many different places around the world, create a feeling of inquiry and amazement.

For those of us that are more objective in our reasoning, we might ask ourselves, what’s the mechanism behind the wall of miracle and how has it come to be? Lampyridae is the scientific name for these wondrous creatures. And contrary to what we might assume, these bugs are actually beetles, belonging to the order Coleoptera in scientific classification.

Fireflies are mostly nocturnal animals with brown and soft bodies, although more leathery than conventional beetles. Their act of creating light in the abdomen area is called bioluminescence, which explains, quite well, the procedure used to create the hypnotically titillating visual spectacle.

The light is formed through a chemical reaction that happens in the body. This interaction between both of these chemicals generates the energy required to give off light.

There are two chief reasons why fireflies glow at night: mating and impending danger. As there are some 2,000 unique sorts of fireflies around the globe, the light patterns emitted are specific to its particular kind. Once a match is found, mating can take place. After mating, the eggs are strategically placed in damp soil, where sowbug-like larvae will hatch in 3 weeks. These infant fireflies live for up to two years under floor, hunting and preying on earthworms, snails, slugs and mites.

Fireflies are very efficient light producers. Their ability to produce light in a cost-effective manner has sparked numerous research and development projects in the region of bioluminescence, regarding its potential human applications. To put things into perspective, the efficiency rate with the fireflies use to generate light hovers around 90%, where as the normal household light bulb comes with a speed of almost 10%.

Canadian Geese

Canadian Geese, Fowl, Rural, Wild

One of the most well known species of bird in North American is that the Canadian Geese. These birds are most commonly found in Canada and the Northern United States, but have naturally migrated into other regions of the world as well, including Japan, China, Great Britain, Scandinavia, and the Netherlands. These soaring birds are easy to discern from other birds, due to their distinctive call as they fly through the air in their V-shaped flying formation.

What does a Canadian goose look like?

Canadian geese are known for their black heads and necks with a white strap of feathers around the chin. They are rather big for birds and are approximately 30 to 40 inches long and have an incredible 50 to 71 inch wingspan. These birds are known for their migratory patterns as they travel to warmer areas during the cold, winter months.

Migrating Canadian geese are what many folks remember about this bird during their childhood years. Watching the geese fly into their tight V-shaped formation as they made their way north or south, depending on the season, was a sign that a new season was about to start. A number of this migration has changed, however, due to the significant changes in our weather, largely as a result of global warming. In some regions of the Northern United States, the Canadian goose does not migrate at all anymore, simply because the weather does not get as severe as it did a few decades ago. Other things have affected the migratory patterns of the geese also.

Other things that are influenced the route that the geese take when they’re migrating include changes in habitat and availability of food sources. For example, lots of the predators that the geese had to deal with in the Pacific Northwest have caused lots of the Canadian geese don’t migrate in any way. Lots of the geese and goslings don’t travel as far south as they did in years past, just because they are more able to find food, such as waste wheat, during the autumn and winter season. This change in their migratory path and their migration pattern in general have caused some problems in the geese overgraze grassy places and they eat crops, which can be both a nuisance and a problem for humans.

Flocks of geese are famous for flying at a V-shaped formation when they are migrating. This is a result of the fact that they are traveling a long distance and this formation helps break up the wind for all but the front bird, so that they can fly with less wind resistance. If you were able to see the geese for a long time period, you will see that they change the front flyer to maintain this bird from becoming overtired. Another reason for the V-formation is that this allows them to see each other and communicate, so they can decide where they would like to land, Raccoon Noises, etc.. The Canadian geese are extremely loyal to their flock, just as they are to their partner.

These geese deal with their goslings together and watch over each other for the duration of their lives. If one becomes injured, the wholesome one is going to stay with the wounded one until it recovers or dies. If it expires, a goose may take another partner, but in a few cases, they simply find a flock to fly with and do not find another mate. They are very dedicated to each other and geese tend to mourn after their partners death, just as we do.

The Canadian goose is a really interesting and complex bird. By learning more about how they work, we can better appreciate their gift to society and the world generally.

Mountain lions

Cougar, Mountain Lion, Wildlife, Cat

Every year mountain lions are seen in many amazing outdoors locations throughout the nation. Although it is not uncommon to have a mountain lion sighting in the country, it is somewhat alarming when they are spotted in highly trafficked areas, putting people and domestic animals at risk of being attacked.

Because of the coming summer months when people are inclined to be out and about in the great outdoors, camping, hiking, fishing, etc., here’s a refresher course on what to do if you come into contact with a mountain lion.

  • Do not go in the country alone. It is ideal to bring a friend or at least a puppy with you. Having a walking stick can also function as some protection in the event of an attack. Making loads of noise while outside will prevent you from sneaking up on an unknowing lion, which might cause them to attack.

Mountain lions appear to be especially drawn to little children. It is imperative that you keep them near you and within your website at all times.

  • Don’t run away. Pick up your child without bending over. Do your best to stay upright, facing the lion.
  • Make yourself appear as large as possible by lifting your arms slowly. Do not bend over or crouch down to avoid looking like a four-legged creature. Throw sticks or rocks if they’re within reach and speak in a loud, firm voice.
  • Never approach a lion. If you see one, follow the instructions above and give it a chance to escape.

Try to remain standing to avoid being bitten about the face or neck. Use any objects available to protect yourself, such as a stick, hat, fishing pole, etc.. Lots of people have survived mountain lion attacks by fighting back.

If you site a mountain lion, or an animal carcass that could be attributed to a lion kill, always contact your local Department of Fish and Game. Always be aware of your environment and that of your loved ones, especially smaller children, when enjoying time in the wonderful outdoors.

Orca Facts

Killer Whale, Orca, Breaching, Ocean

Killer whale fact number one: Killer whales are the area of the dolphin family. They are largest relative in the sea mammal group. I do mean LARGE, on average killer whales or Orcas weigh an average 5400 kg and are around 9.7 meters long.

Killer whale reality two: These beautiful monsters of the ocean are carnivores and take a lot of feeding. They are amongst the most successful predators in the marine world, which isn’t surprising as it requires a good deal of monster to evade or defeat a huge creature that is about as thick as two fully laden Lincoln Continentals as long an average single decker bus.

Killer whale reality three: No lone killers, these intelligent creatures live in large family packs of up to approximately 40. Killer whale pods, since these groups are known could be likened to Cibolo Wildlife Removal within their searching methods. A little known killer whale fact is that there are two very different kinds of pods which have different kinds of food preference and even hunt otherwise. ‘Resident’ pods hunt fish while the’passing’ pods search and kill marine mammals.

They are easy to identify being beautifully marked in black and white and they move with extraordinary elegance that belies their massive size. It is another strange killer whale fact that these creatures have never been hunted by humans unlike some of their near relatives.

Killer whale fact number five: Killer whales have long lives some living up to 80 years. Killer whale cows just become pregnant every 3 to 10 years and have a long 17-month pregnancy. Whale calves are cared for and reared at the security of a family pod. Even though it’s well known that members of the dolphin and whale family communicate through identifying sounds it is a little known killer whale fact that like human beings from various cultures, each Orca pod has its own individual language that its members can hear and differentiate even from great distances.

Killer whale fact number six: All these ancient creatures are the subject of continuing research and have much to teach us. The killer whales ability to use echolocation to learn about the size and shape of submerged objects underwater and for communication has allowed its survival. Whereas only in the recent past has man found sonar to hunt submarines in war, to discover underwater objects or to increase our fishing catches. What other gifts will this giant of the seas need to talk with us?


Giraffe, Kenya, Kigio, Africa, Animal

The giraffe is one of the most ungainly animals which you can imagine. Its scientific name is the giraffa camelopardilis it is the biggest ruminant and the tallest creature known. It has a very long neck which sports a short stubbly mane; it’s high shoulders that slope back to the hindquarters. Additionally, it has long legs that are about the same length. The male can be up to 11 feet tall, and the female is about 2 feet shorter in the shoulders.

There are eight subspecies of the giraffe that may be found in the savannas south of the Sahara Desert. To reticulated giraffe that’s located north of Kenya has the most distinguishing latticework of narrow lines dividing the dark patches and is the very distinctive pattern of any creature. The so called Masai giraffe of East Africa displays the most distinctive pattern of any of the giraffes.

The giraffes were formally found throughout Africa south of the Sahara Desert anywhere the trees grew. It was eliminated from the majority of West Africa and the southern Kalahari range but it is still common in East Africa even outside of game preserves.

This animal was made to exploit a six-foot band of foliage beyond the reach of any other terrestrial browser except the elephant. It has an 18 inch prehensile tongue and a modified atlas-axis joint in its neck that allows its head to assume that almost vertical position which further increases its height advantage. Giraffes can graze the crown of little trees. A big bull giraffe can graze as high is 19 feet, a yard higher than the cows. They feed mainly on deciduous trees during the rainy season; but during the dry season they feed mainly on citrus trees. They have a menu which includes over a hundred species but they feed on acacia and combretum trees are what they most often consume. Having a narrow muzzle and extremely flexible lips along with an 18 inch prehensile Tongue permit the giraffe to meet the most nutritious leaves in amounts up to 75 pounds. This quantity of food is necessary to sustain their great bulk. The giraffe only must consume every two or three days when the water is available or it extracts water from the food it eats. It spends the dry season near Evergreen vegetation, usually along watercourses, and disperses more during the rainy season.

Bull spent about 22 percent of their time walking compared to about 13 percent for the cows. The difference is the time the Bulls spend searching for cows in heat.

The giraffe is non-territorial and social, living in loose, open herds. The young accompany the female and could be mixed into the herd. A lone bull may be solitary. The fact that giraffes feed from variably spaced trees they’re capable of moving independently, and they have a size that’s such that they have few predators. Their height and excellent eyesight enable giraffes to maintain visual sight during a long distance. The herd may be dispersed over a half a mile and still keep its presence as a herd. Even when they’re resting herd members usually stay more than 20 feet apart.

During mating season to females are more social when the men and usually stay together. Mothers of small calves usually connect with other cows at least due to mutual attraction between the calves which result in crèches of up to nine calves. The average spacing between calves is usually less than 10 yards. The males usually stay with the maternal herd until they are about three years old and no longer resemble a female.

The home range of these animals may vary widely it is usually about 63 miles square but can be as little as two miles square or as much as 250 miles square. Once they are saddled though bulls have a bigger range than cows.

A giraffe only has two gaits walk or gallop. As it has long legs and a short body it moves with an ambling walk with a walk alternately on the left side or the perfect side as do the camels. At its top speed the giraffe can gallop at about 37 mph. The four legs and hind legs act like a running rabbit. If the animal would like to have a drink it must straddle or bend its fore legs. The exact same is true of its near relative the Okapi.

It’s breeding season is year-round with the rainy season being the main period for conception. Males begin competing for females at about seven years but they continue growing which gives a senior a excellent weight advantage. The males which also gains weight with age and through bone depositation generates the knobs on the Bulls ahead these knobs increase in size with age giving the older bull even more of an advantage. Combat is rare however as the Bulls know their place in a herd hierarchy that’s established an almost daily combat while they are maturing in an all-male herd of bachelors. From the time a female is ready to mate, the local alpha male is usually illuminated his rivals through this daily combat.

For the first week or so the calf lays out for most of the day and a half of the night carefully guarded by its own mother. There are hardly any predators looking to brave the mother giraffe’s long legs since when she is guarding her calf these long legs can be quite deadly. During this period she usually stays 15 to 20 yards away from her young one. As the calf grows older it enters a maternity crèche were it is guarded by a whole bunch of females allowing its mother to go farther.

In the initial months from 50 to 75 percent of the young fall prey to lions and spotted hyenas despite their moms determined defense. As adults giraffes are too big to be prey to most predators. A mother will stand over her calf to defend it against lions or hyenas, and they’re loath to brave her long legs. A predator trying to get in the calf runs the risk of being kicked to death by the mother giraffe.

The idea that giraffes are mute is a myth, they do make sounds. Though they are typically silent a calf will mew, cows seeking lost calves will bellow, and if they are courting Bulls will make a coughing sound. Giraffes also make other noises when alerted ranging from hissing, snorting, molding and at times the flute like sound.

Now you know a lot of what a giraffe is all about!


Kookaburra, Bird, Wildlife, Nature

Native to Australia and New Zealand the Kookaburra bird is a big bird (28-42 cm in length and 11-17 inches in height). They’ve a distinct call which sounds like a loud echoing human bliss, these birds are good-natured if not hysterical. You generally will not find this bird by water but they can be seen in a humid forest surrounding where food is easily accessible.

Kookaburra are carnivorous, their diet include lizards, snakes, insects, and raw meat, The Kookaburra is a territorial bird and they can often be found living with partly grown chicks from the former mating season. Wild Kookaburras will eat babybirds, snakes, insects, small reptiles and other birds such as finches.

Despite the fact that these birds are found only in a relatively small portion of the world their distinctive sound can be found from the soundtrack”jungle sound”, they’re also used in movies and television as well as being seen in certain Disney park attractions. Also you can find these birds in popular video games such as Battle toads and World of War craft.

They may also be found on postage stamps, the first postage stamp with a Kookaburra was issued as a 6 penny stamp issued in 1914, and also a 38c Austrian stamp with a set of Kookaburra on it had been issued around 1990. Also back in 1990 Australia dedicated a coin to this bird.


Image result for platypus

Platypus is one of the most interesting creatures on Earth. Its bizarre look and some unique features attract me towards it. Lets see how it is different from other creatures.

It is a mammal and lay eggs!

Sole member

Platypus is the sole member of its family as well as genus i.e. Ornithorhynchus. It will be more accurate to say its the only’living’ member of its family and genus as related species have been discovered from fossil records.


Just like its other features, its venom is also something interesting. In the event of platypus, only men have have the capability of injecting the venom. It has a spur on the hind foot that provides a venom capable of causing severe pain to individuals.

Bizarre Appearance

It has a bizarre appearance. It’s an egg-laying, venomous, duck-billed, beaver-tailed, otter-footed mammal.

Two Ovaries

Even its genital parts are of odd nature. The female platypus has two ovaries but only one of them is functional, the left one.

Strange Extra BonesThe Platypus has extra bones in the shoulder girdle, including an interclavicle, which isn’t found in other mammals.

Other Interesting Facts about the Platypus

It hunts for about 12 hours a day. Seems like it spends most of its time hunting.

Its fur which is plum-colored is watertight and its feel is amazingly quite like a mole’s fur.

The snout of the Platypus is in reality a sensory organ together with the mouth on the bottom.

Weight of those mammals varies considerably from 0.7 to 2.4 kg (1.5 to 5.3 lb).

Their eggs are leathery-shelled.

The Platypus is sometimes jokingly known as proof that God has a sense of humour.

Whooping Crane

Whooping Crane, Bird, White, Black

At about 4.9 ft, the whooping crane is the tallest bird in North America. This bird, which is regarded as endangered, is intriguing, both because of its recovery from the brink of extinction and for its inherent beauty.

According to the National Geographic Society, there were only sixteen whooping cranes alive in 1941. At that point in time, it was not illegal to shoot the birds, and people were destroying their natural habitats.

Included in conservation efforts, people have literally led whooping cranes in their migratory paths using ultralight aircraft so as to train the birds to go”home.” Other efforts to prevent the birds from extinction include captive breeding programs and habitat management.

While the total number of birds, either captive or free, still less than 500, wild whooping cranes are now following their traditional migratory paths, a hopeful sign for the birds’ future.

Whopping Crane Information

Adults are predominantly white, with red crowns on top of their heads. They have long, pointed bills. Juveniles are often a cinnamon color. These birds prefer to stay in family groups and pairs mate for life. But if one of the mates dies, the other will re-mate if at all possible.

Along with being tall, their wing span is about 7 feet. These birds have a mean life in the wild of 22 to 24 years.

Whooping cranes are omnivorous, meaning that the birds will eat both plants and meat. One of the foods that these cranes like are insects, acorns, shellfish, water plants and frogs.

Now, whooping cranes breed Founded in Canada’s Wood Buffalo National Park and spend winters in the Arkansas National Wildlife Refuge in Texas. Security plans include diversifying migratory paths and places for breeding and wintering, as the birds’ habitats continue to be under pressure due to contamination and our expanding population.

Whooping cranes’ preferred habitats are wetlands. Cranes not only sleep in water but build up their nests in water for protection against predators. The average number of eggs laid is two, though only one baby usually survives to the fledgling stage.


Hippo, Animal, Animal World, Africa

Hippo facts tell us that the title, Hippopotamus, has Greek roots and means”water or river horse.”

The biggest is the elephant.

There are two distinct kinds of hippos, the common hippo and the pygmy hippo, which is a lot smaller.

Hippos have a unique membrane over their eyes that permits them to see underwater.

Hippo facts tell us that a hippo cannot float.

Hippos are said to sweat blood, because when it is hot, they exude a red fluid which resembles blood. It’s not blood but a sort of mucous that protects the hippo from the sun.

Hippos are nocturnal, resting during the day (usually in water) and hunting at night.

A hippo eats eighty-eight pounds of food every day.

Hippos eat fruit and grass.

Hippos can strain on land or in the water.

Pigmy hippos only reside in West Africa.

A baby hippo can weigh around sixty to eighty pounds when it is born.

Baby hippos can only breathe underwater for about forty seconds.

When hippos do give birth they leave the herd for up to fourteen days, until the calf is strong enough to join the mother on property.

Every herd has a lot of bulls but only one is dominant.

A hippo can live to be as old as forty-five years.

Among the most interesting hippo truth is that the teeth of a hippopotamus never stop growing. Teeth can grow to be as much as three feet .

Male hippos struggle with one another for dominance.

Hippos are being poached regularly for their ivory tusks. They’re also killed for meat.

Hippos aren’t endangered but they are headed in that direction.

Hippo facts show the pigmy hippo only weighs 450-600 lbs.

A hippo drinks around fifty-six gallons of water every day.

Hippos can run as fast as 30 mph.

Some hippos grow to be up to fifteen feet long.

At the National Zoo in Washington, every day hippos eat thirty-five pounds of hay, 1-1/2 lbs of fruit, seven pounds of herbivore grain pellets, and three pounds of vegetables.


Sea ​​Otter, Animal, Aquatic, Water

Among the most popular spots in the zoo will be seeing the sea otter; truth about this fascinating mammal are just as interesting as watching them perform.

While the weasel is a creature most individuals associate as threats to their farm fowl, the sea otter is one which most people ooh and aah over as they see the antics of this little mammal.

Their webbed hind feet help them to swim swiftly through the water as they seek their prey on the ocean floor; their clawed front feet help them grip the prey and hold it firmly as they return to the water’s surface. When they are not feeding or hunting, otter facts prove that they enjoy simply floating in the surface of the water. In actuality, this is the pose they presume to sleep; frequently draping sea kelp over their own bodies as a means of holding them steady in the water as they sleep. It’s not uncommon to find groups of them bobbing around in the water in a group nap.

The sea otter, facts show, even eat while floating on their back. Sea urchins, octopus, squid and fish are common meals for the mammal. Clams and mussels are also favorites, but they prove somewhat more difficult to eat due to the hard, closed shells of those aquatics. Difficult, maybe; but not in any way impossible for the otter. Facts show that the mammal is so clever that, when on the ocean floor scooping up the shelled delicacies, they also snag a rock before returning to the surface. Flipping onto their backs, the sea otters place the rock on their bellies and start to crush the clam or mussel upon the stone to open it and feast on its contents.

After eating, a cleaning ritual starts. Sea otter facts about the thick, waterproof coat worn with the mammal show that cleanliness is vital in maintaining that quality in addition to the insulating factor. Unlike similar animals that share the chilly waters of the Pacific Ocean, otters do not have an insulating layer of fat functions to keep others warm.

Those adorable little faces upturned as they float along the water, and their habits of using stones to open clam shells are just some of the sea otter facts which people find endearing. Luckily, the sea otter, once hunted for its coat, is now protected by law; ensuring that they will be around for a long time for future generations to enjoy.


Hummingbird, Bird, Flying, Bill, Exotic

Hummingbirds may be nesting in your backyard or you may have neighbors that have routine visits by these tiny birds. They’re fun to watch and to find out about.

Hummingbirds are birds which come from the family of Trochillidae. They are thought of as among the smallest species of birds in the world. They flap their wings so fast you can barely tell they are moving. A special feature is their ability to fly backward, and apparently they are the only birds that can do so.

Hummingbirds are known as nectarivores which mean they feed on the sweet liquid, also called nectar, from blossoms. Their similarity between bees is their ability to gauge the amount of sugar within the nectar that they feed upon. Flowers with sweeter nectar, or with higher sugars level, are more preferable to those birds. But nectar cannot provide the proper amount of nutrients so hummingbirds also feed on insects and spiders to acquire protein and other vitamins and minerals.

The hummingbird has a direct, long bill that’s crucial for gathering food. But for some species, they have shorter bills for extracting nectar from flowers which have short corollas while others have curved bills for feeding off curved corollas. Unlike many birds, they drink using their jagged and ridged tongues. Hummingbirds seldom eat massive meals at a time; they can live on a lot of smaller meals during the day. In terms of flying, they don’t do it very often as it consumes too much energy.

Surprisingly, though they have a fast metabolism, hummingbirds have a relatively long life span. At the very delicate period of hatching and fledgling, many of these birds die and do not survive. But those who remain alive continue to exist for up to ten years or more. The normal lifespan though is three to five years one of those in North America. The longest lifespan that was recorded was twelve decades, which was obtained by a female broad-tailed hummingbird.

Many hummingbirds are known to be natives into the Americas. A majority of these birds are found in South and Central America where it is known to have tropical weather, even though other species are able to breed in areas with a moderate climate. Meanwhile, the Rufous hummingbirds is more commonly known and seen throughout western Canada.

A number of events have been prepared for the celebration of hummingbirds. These include the Hummingbird Festival and the Hummingbird Migration Celebration. The festival itself includes a car show, rides for children, food vendors, vendors of arts and crafts, live music and a lot more fun activities.For more check out Stuart Rat Removal

The Phoenix

Phoenix, Photoshop, Adler, Fire, Eagle

According to mythology it is a mystical creature which has an astoundingly long life span ranging to around a thousand years. It does not get sick or affected by disease at any given time during its life span. At the end of the life span it’s believed to make a pyre of twigs and ignites itself.

The term”rising like a Phoenix from the Ashes” is often used in sports when a group or an individual on the verge of losing a game or game virtually comes back from the brink of certain defeat to triumph in the long run. This triumph against all odds has caused the Phoenix bird to be made the mascot or symbol of several organizations and there are several companies named after it.

Another account of phoenix story states that before the bird is swallowed by the flame it lays an egg from which hatches and a new phoenix that will live a thousand years and then the same process is repeated, thereby its lineage continues. Though there is no way of discovering the fact of either version, both say the exact same theme, triumph over extreme adversity.

The Phoenix bird is an essential figure in ancient Lebanese culture as the Lebanese are the descendants of Phoenicians and claim themselves to be the sons of Phoenix. The nation is also having a historical resemblance to the Phoenix, having been destroyed and mended seven times during its history.

Polar bears

Polar Bear, Mother, Cubs, White, Arctic

It is the largest land predator alive today, with 25,000 to 40,000 roaming through the Arctic region. Female polar bears reach sexual maturity at roughly five years old and their offspring are comparatively much smaller than human babies, weighing just around a pound at birth.

They usually give birth to two live young which spend the first winter months of their lives in a den dug out of a snowdrift. They appear in the spring and within a year can grow to man-size if provided with an abundance of food. The typical male bear will grow to weigh over 1400 lbs and stand ten feet tall. The female of the species weighs in at 650 pounds and stands at a height of seven feet tall.

A fact about polar bears which you might not know is that their fur is not white, but that every hair is a colourless hollow tube which reflects sunlight during daylight hours. This serves to maintain the bear warm and since the coat is oily it does not mat when wet, making it easy to shake off excess water and ice that may form after swimming.

Polar bears eat mostly seals which they hunt on the pack ice, either by waiting for them to surface at their breathing holes in the ice or by stalking them. On occasion they’ll hunt beneath the ice for their prey. They have slightly webbed front feet to aid them with forward motion in the water, while they steer with their strong back legs.

Their sole predator is man. Men have started to mine in the arctic for oil and coal, encroaching on their natural habitat, which makes food more difficult to find.

Sea Sponge

Sea Sponge, Sponge, Sea, Water, Ocean

Unchanged for hundreds of millions of years, and having no close relatives on the evolutionary tree, the sponge remains a simple and primitive form of animal. Sponges have a remarkable ability to withstand enormous loss of body material, suddenly growing many times faster than normal to regain the original size. It is even possible that certain types of sponges to be passed through a fine sieve, their bodies broken down to the components cells, and reform themselves again over a period of hours or days. The average lifespan for individual specimens has been estimated to be 50 years or more.

The simplest type of sponge is shaped somewhat like a vase, with feeding cells on the interior wall. Water is drawn through minute pores in the outer wall and expelled through the large principal aperture. The present is preserved by the feeding cells, each with a tiny whip that’s waved always back and forth. Because of the huge volume of water contained inside the room in proportion to the inner wall surface of feeding cells, higher types of Celebration Rat Removal have adapted by folding out the inner walls to increase the feeding area.

On low tide areas of the beach may be found lots of the flat in crusting sponges. These appear in a wide array of colours and have no definite shape of their own, instead taking on the kind of the rock beneath.

Some kinds of sponge are capable of releasing a noxious substance to prevent the encroachment of neighbours, and several of these poisons are used in research laboratories for the preparation of human medications.


Ducks, Mallards, Snow, Winter, Cold

In the event that you were to ask a normal individual if they knew what a duck was, a great percentage could answer yes. Most of us perceive ducks as white animals with an orange beak that float in a pond. Many would be surprised to learn that there are many varied colors and species at the duck family. In the Mallard duck to the Blue Winged Teal duck and everything in between, they are rather unique in many ways. Here we’ll be highlighting some of the very popular ducks, and what makes them different from each other.

One of the most beautiful and distinctive ducks is the Northern Shoveler. This duck is widespread in the northern part of the world. Extremely easy to identify because of large spoon shaped bill. Usually the breeding male will be identifiable by a green head, brown stomach area, and a white breast area. Adding to it is distinctiveness and beauty, when in flight this duck will exhibit pale blue wing feathers as well. Females of the species are a little more typical. They boast a long broad bill and a light brown body similar to a mallard duck. These are usually around 19 inches in length and weigh a little over a pound.

The next is the Blue Winged Teal duck. Beautiful at first sight they’re extremely reminiscent of their title. Having a striking teal body and blue wings that are shown upon flight. They are easily distinguishable among other genders. They aren’t extremely common, and may be found any place in the hemisphere. They are a bit on the big side, and make a definite first impression on the viewer.

Deltona Wildlife Removal are a common species one of the duck family. Mallard ducks are also referred to as wild ducks. They’re known as wild ducks since they’re usually found in wetland regions of the hemisphere. Places which are wetlands can refer to parks, little ponds and rivers. Mallard ducks are easily recognizable, and most likely among the most famous ducks in the world. Though found in wetland areas, they’re migratory ducks also. This refers to using the prevalent amount of them in the northern part of the hemisphere when it’s warm. As soon as that weather begins to turn cold, these ducks fly south for the winter. Extremely fast flyers, they have clocked speeds up to 65 mph. Some of the most popular include both the Big Marsh Mallard (located usually in large marsh areas), and the Springtime Plumage Mallard ( develops beautiful colored plumage in the spring).

Though many other species and hybrids of ducks, these are just a few of the most popular. As you can see, ducks are very unique and intriguing creatures. Various colors, sizes, rates, and species make them exceptionally diverse. So as you see, ducks aren’t only the white, orange charged variety we usually associate them with. They continue to evolve and change, adding beauty and grace to a lot of areas of this extraordinary world.


Chimpanzee, Monkey, Animal, Zoo, Africa

That is according to the human evolution theory that says that the animal used to look the same and had similar behaviours.

Chimpanzees notably the Bonobos are found on the Democratic Republic of Congo whereas the others are natives of the West and Central Africa. The Bonobos are distinguished from the others through anatomical differences. The Bonobos are light in color and their sexual and social behaviour is different from the others. The other kind moves in troops led by an alpha male and contains its omnivorous diet. Bonobos tend to have frequent sex so as to solve their conflicts. No matter how the others are sometimes highly competitive.

Chimpanzees are very intelligent and make their own tools that they use to hunt and for social screens. They can be easily tamed and they understand human language and symbols after some bits of training. Their laughter is sadistic and it is adapted to that of the people. The adults are usually aggressive and territorial and they’re sometimes known to kill others. They kill lower order primates such as the red colobus and bush babies and use their meat as societal tool for interaction in their community. The animals are kept as pets in some African communities though this is highly discouraged.

Whale sharks

Whale Shark, Maldives, Sea, Whale Shark

The whale shark is renowned for being the largest fish that has ever lived. It is a lot smaller than many whales, but whales are mammals. Adults can reach lengths up to 60 feet and weigh as much as 10 tons. Some have measured an incredible 75 feet long when captured.

Female whale sharks are larger than the males, which grow to about two-thirds the period of the females. This is true for several other large sharks, especially those longer than 10 feet.

Whale sharks, as their name illustrates, are members of the shark family. Yet they aren’t killers. The truth is it is among the most docile animals in the sea. Though it’s a shark, it’s a filter feeder; it has no teeth. The whale shark’s large mouth could surround a school of fish or shrimp, which can be filtered from the water as it passes through a fine net of gill rakers at the back of the mouth.

Whale sharks usually swim alone. They are so slow that many fish will accompany them for food and protection. Few fish in the sea are willing to tackle that, however peaceful it may be. Underwater divers that are lucky enough to experience this rare fish have managed to hitch rides on their giant dorsal fin.

In the 1930s and 1940s, hunters sought them for their livers, which are full of vitamin A. In the 1940s, chemists discovered how to make vitamin A in the laboratory so, suddenly, there was no need for the killings. By then many populations of the fish had declined, so the chemists could have saved them from oblivion. Some sharks continue to be fished for food, but the whale shark is tough and not great eating.


Rattlesnake, Western Diamondback, Viper

Rattle snakes are venomous snakes belonging to the family Crotalinae. Mating has been observed in the month of spring only. They are viviparous and give birth straight to young ones. No egg laying has been listed so far. Young ones when grown are independent and do not need the support of mother for carrying out their usual activities. So, the mother leaves the young shortly after their arrival. They aren’t deaf. They have well developed internal ears much like that of other reptiles. External ears are absent. Sound travels towards inner ears throughout the vibrations picked up by body organs.

They are natives of America. Arizona has the largest population of these snakes compared to other states. Four species have been recorded from Mississippi river and just 2 from South America. They prey upon mice, rats, small birds and other small animals. They paralyze or kill the prey by their venom and then the prey is swallowed by constriction. Venom of rattle snake can cause death within 20 seconds. After injecting venom into the body of the prey rattle snake lets the prey to run and then follows it and when it dies it’s consumed. They are known to strike at distances up to two-thirds of their body length.

Many species are oviparous but they’re either viviparous or ovoviviparous. No parental care has been seen in them. They are named rattle snakes due to the existence of a characteristic structure rattle. Rattle is made up of a set of nested, hollow beads that are actually epidermal scales present at the tip of the tail. Skin may be shed many times in a year depending on the food supply and growth speed. The young ones lack functional rattles but after they shed their skin it becomes practical. Rattle produces a rattling sound. They’re known to absorb great deal of water from wet weather and no sound is generated.

Different species differ in their land, identification and markers. It usually avoids encountering with humans. But if triggered it bites them. Hikers are always advised to wear pants and boots while exploring the regions where rattle snakes are expected to exist. They have functional fangs for injecting venom into victim’s body. They can also regulate the quantity of venom injected. Young ones are also dangerous. Venom is haemotoxic effective at destroying cells, degenerating organs and causing coagulopathy. It’s been observed that approximately 7,000-8,000 people are bitten by poisonous snakes in United States every year of that rattle snakes account for 72%. The tropical species contain neurotoxic venom which affects the nervous system. Anti-venom may be used to encounter the venom injected with these snakes.

They are a popular delicacy in southeastern and southwestern America.

Giant panda

Panda, Giant Panda, Bear, Mammal

Throughout the adolescence period of lives, toys of bears are somewhat common. Most children have been deeply acquainted with bears, but we are unaware of myriad facts about bears. For instance, the enormous panda bears in China, among the terrific variety existing in all corners. Something utterly surprising, some tourists intentionally travel all the way to China just to have sights of the bears. It has been considered that the species of panda in China is one of the extraordinary and exceptional on the planet.

However, it’s intriguing to know that these rare species gigantic panda bears are a threatened breed on the planet. In fact, most of us have seen how the famous WWF incorporates the panda picture as a symbol of their group. These bears are known to be a common species found in areas such as Gansu, Shaanxi and Sichuan. These provinces are situated in the Southwest district of China, close to the Tibetan plateau. As a result of constant threatening of the breed, now there are only approximately 2,500 wild mature pandas out there.

Sanely everyone knows that the constant growth either in industrialization or modernization would somehow affect the survival of the bears. The projects taking up vast number of lands and the construction of infrastructures will cause the panda’s habitats to be disappeared. Therefore, most animal enthusiasts as well as the China’s government have been developing ways to tackle this problem, allowing the pandas to co-exist in harmony with human.

There were already attempts to conserve the colossal panda bears. Over 50 reserves have been created for these bears to inhabit. The property covers 2.5 million of acres and it is said that over 60 percent of the bears’ population could be safely protected. The government is also spreading awareness about keeping up the lives of these protected species since they are essential within the world’s biodiversity. In actuality, the Chinese government considers that the conservation of pandas can enhance in the tourism industry.